“是…的”句式结构是用来强调已经发生的动作的时间、地点、方式等。“是”放在被强调说明的部分之前,有时候可以省略。“的”往往放在句尾,这种句式通常是用作回答问题, 比如 : “什么时候?” “在哪儿? “从哪儿?” “怎么了? ” “跟谁一起?”等。否定句的形式 : “不是…的”,这时“是”不能省略。

用“是…的”字组词句的一些法则 :

  1. “是…的”的“是”有强调作用, 例如:“昨天是冷!”, “我是知道这件事!”,所以在”冷”和”知道”前面加上”是”,目的就是为了达到 强调”冷”和强调”知道”。
  2. “是…的”的动词有宾语,如果不是地点名词, 宾语放在“的”的后面。例如“我是在家吃的饭。”,“飯”是宾语。
  3. “是…的”的动词有宾语,如果是地点名词, 宾语放在“的”的前面或后面都可以。例如“我是七点半到学校的。”,“学校”是宾语。
  4. “是…的”的否定形式是 “不是…的”,不能用“没”或者“没有”,例如“他是没坐车来的学校”,是错的,应该改为 :“他不是坐车来的学校”。

格式(一) : 主语+是+时间/地点/方式+动词+的

例句:

  1. 我是昨天来的。
  2. 我是在家吃的饭。
  3. 我是7:30到学校的。
  4. 我是7:30到的学校。
  5. 他不是坐车来的学校。
  6. 妈妈不是跟爸爸一起去旅游的。
  7. 这台电视是昨天买的。

思考 :

  1. 我是昨天来。
  2. 我是在家吃饭的。
  3. 他是没坐车来的学校。
  4. 我是去年来中国。
  5. 他们是在学校附近租房子的。
  6. 这台电视是昨天买。

In these two sentences, a “shi” is used for emphasis of “leng” (cold) and “zhi dao” (know) (一) “主语+是+谓语”的谓语
(I) predicate of “subject +shi +predicate” “主语+是+谓语”的谓语可以是动词(短语)、 形容词(短语)
predicate of “subject +shi +predicate” can be a verb (phrase), adjective (phrase) 既可以是肯定形式,也可以是否定形式。
It can be either a positive form or a negative form. 我们来看以下两个例子,例 1 我们是学过汉语。
Let us see the following examples. The first one, “wo men shi xue guo han yu”. (We did have learnt Chinese). 那么这个句子强调的就是 什么呢?学过汉语啊学过。
What does this sentence emphasize? “xue guo han yu”(have learnt Chinese) 第 2 例:烤鸭是好吃。
Example two: “kao ya shi hao chi”. (Roast duck is delicious). 这个是 “是”强调的是什么呢?好吃,那么这是强调的肯定形式,都是肯定形式
What does the “shi” emphasize? “hao chi” (delicious). This is a positive form of emphasis. (二)”主语+是+谓语”的使用情况 “主语+是+谓语”表示对某种
(II) “subject +shi+ predicate” it indicates the confirmation of 情况或者事实的确认,因此呢这种句子使用时啊 必须有上文。
something or fact. Therefore, the foregoing is required when this type of sentence is used. 例如,我们来看一下例子,就比较清楚,例 1:
Let me show you some examples. The first one: A A 说什么呢?我觉得英语有点难
A said that “wo jue de ying yu you dian nan”. (I think English is a little bit of difficult). B 说:英语是难,不过呢很有意思
B said that “ying yu shi nan, bu guo ne hen you yi si.” (Although English is difficult, it is interesting). 所以呢,这个是一个上文,上面的一个前提 所以,B
Therefore, a foregoing is required. 就是说:是,是难 (三)”主语+是+谓语”的重音
B said that “shi, shi nan.” (yes, it is difficult). (III) Accent of “subject +shi+ predicate” “主语+是+谓语”中的”是”啊,一定要重读 注意,得重读,就是读得很重
The “shi” of “subject +shi+ predicate” shall be stressed. Please pay close attention to it. 读得很,要比别的,别的这个音节啊,读得要重得多。
It shall be stressed. 我们看第 1 例 刘老师’是漂亮!注意这是一个重音符号,表示呢重读
Example one, “liu lao shi shi piao liang!” (Mr. Liu is pretty)! Pay attention to the stressed symbol means emphasis. 第 2 例:今年冬天’是冷! 要在”是”的前面加一个重音。
Example two: “jin nian dong tian shi leng!” (it is cold this winter)! A accent is added before “shi” 第 3 例:弟弟’是会游泳 所以呢这个三个”是”啊都读得很重 二.
Example three: “di di shi hui you yong.” (My brother did well in swimming). The “shi” in these three examples is stressed. II. 用”是…的”强调
Emphasize by “shi…de” “是…的”也用来强调,被强调的成分呢放在”是”的后面
“shi…de” can also be used for emphasis. The emphasized part is often placed after “shi” 形成”主语+是…+动词 +(宾语)+的”或者是”主语+是…
to form these sentences like “subject+ shi…+verb +(object) +de” or “subject +shi… +动词+的+(宾语)”这样的句子 好,我们看第
verb+ de+(object)”. Well, let us have a look at the 1 个例子:妈妈是昨天来的 这是一个”是…的”强调句。
first example: “ma ma shi zuo tian lai de”. (my mother came here yesterday). It is an emphasis sentence of “shi…” 第 2 例:老刘是坐车去的 也是”是…的”,这也是个强调句。
The second example: “lao liu shi zuo che qu de”. (Mr. Liu went there by bus). It is also an emphasis sentence of “shi…de”. (一)”主语+是… +动词+(宾语)+的”和”主语+是…
(I) The emphasized parts of “subject +shi…+verb +(object) +de” and “subject+shi… +动词+的+(宾语)”中被强调的成分
+verb +de+ (object)” “主语+是…+动词+(宾语)+的”和
The emphasized parts of ““subject +shi…+verb +(object) +de” “主语+是…+动词+的+(宾语)”中 被强调的成分可以是名词或短语、
and “subject+shi…+verb +de+ (object)” can be a noun or phrase, 代词 动词或动词短语,也可以是介词短语等。
pronoun, verb or verb phrase or adverb phrase, etc. 我们来看一下例子 例 1 :这块手表是妈妈送的
Let us see some examples. The first one: “zhe kuai shou biao shi ma ma song de”. (This watch is given by mom). 这个是什么呢?强调的名词”妈妈”,强调”妈妈”,是个名词 再看第 2
What does this emphasize? “ma ma”, a noun. Let us turn to the second example 例:我们是走着来的 “走着”是什么?”走着”是一个动词短语
“wo men shi zou zhe lai de” (we come here on foot) 第 3 例,他们是在大学食堂吃的饭,在大学食堂
The third example, “ta men shi ai da xue shi tang chi de fan”. (they have a meal in the campus canteen). The “da xue shi tang” 强调的是介词短语”在大学食堂” 被强调的可以是人物、
is emphasized here. The emphasized part can be a person, 时间、 处所 也可以是方式、 工具、 目的等。
time, place, method, tool, purpose and so forth. 我们来看一下例子,第 1 例, 口语是刘老师教的。
Let us have a look at some examples. The first one, “kou yu shi liu lao shi jiao de”. (Spoken language is taught by Teacher Liu). 刘老师是什么呢?刘老师是人物 是人。
Who is Teacher Liu? A person. 第 2 例:他们是去年来的。
The second example: “ta men shi qu nian lai de”. (They came here last year). 这个去年是什么?强调的是时间 第 3 例:我们是在北大 学的汉语。
What does the “qu nian” emphasize? Time. The third example: “wo men shi zai bei da xue de han yu”. (we learnt Chinese in Peking University). 那么”在北大”是什么呢?是一个处所 是一个地方。
What is “bei da”? It is a place. (二)”主语+是…+动词
(II) Verbs of “subject +shi…+verb +(宾语)+的”和”主语+是…+动词+的+(宾语) 的动词。
+(object) +de” and “subject+shi…+verb+de+(object) “主语+是…+动词+(宾语) +的”和”主语+是…+动词+的+(宾语)”
“subject +shi…+verb+(object) +de” and “subject+shi…+verb+de+(object)” 表示已经发生的动作或情况 没有发生的动作或情况呢都不能使用
indicates an action or situation that has occurred. These sentence patterns shall not be used in an action or situation that has not occurred. 这个”是…的”来强调 应该注意的是,”主语+是…+动词+(宾语)
The “shi…de” is used for emphasis. It should be noted that verbs of “subject +shi+…verb+ (object) +的”和”主语+是…+动词+的+(宾语)”的动词后
+de” and “subject+shi…+verb+de+(object) 不能带”了”,也不能带”过” 或者是”着”,也就是”了”、
shall not be followed by “le”, “过”、 “着”都不能 出现在这个动词的后面。
“guo”, and “zhe” 我们来看一下例子 第 1 例:我们是昨天 游了的泳。
Let us see some examples. The first one: “wo men shi zuo tian you le yong de”. 这个句子是错误的,错误的 那么正确的说法应该是:我们是昨天 游的泳。
This sentence is wrong. The correct expression is “wo men shi zuo tian you de yong”. (We went swimming yesterday). 也就是说这个”了”不可以放在 “游”的后面,也就是说动词后面不能有”了”
第 2 例:妹妹是前年来过的中国。
That is to say, the “le” shall not be placed after “you”. A “le” shall not be placed after a verb here.
The second example: “mei mei shi qian nian lai guo de zhong guo”. 那么这个句子呢也是错了 原因是什么呢?就是动词”来”的后面出现了”过”
This sentence is also wrong. Why? A“guo” is placed after the verb of “lai”. 把这个”过”去掉就可以了:妹妹是前年来的中国,就可以了
It will be right to delete the “guo”: my sister has been to China the year before last year. (三)”主语+是…+动词+(宾语)
(III) Negation of “subject+ shi…+verb+ (object) +的”和”主语+是…+动词+的+(宾语)”的否定 “主语+是…+动词+
+de” and “subject+shi…+verb+de(object) (宾语)+的”和”主语+是…+动词+的
+(宾语)”的否定是什么呢?是”主语+不+是…
What are negations of “subject+ shi…+verb+ (object) +de” and “subject+shi…+verb+de(object)”? +动词+(宾语)+的”和”主语+不
“subject+ bu +shi…+verb+ (object) +de” and “subject+ bu +是…+动词+的+(宾语)”,我们来看一下例子就比较清楚 例
1:口语不是刘老师教的。
+shi…+verb+de(object)”. Let me show you some examples to make you understand it better.
Example 1: “kou yu bu shi liu lao shi jiao de”. (The spoken language is not taught by Teacher Liu). 所以在”是”的前面用上”不” 第 2 例:他们不是去年来的。
A “bu” is added before “shi”. Example 2: “ta men bu shi qu nian lai de”. (They did not come yesterday). 所以呢也是在”是”的前面加上”不” 第 3
A “bu” is also added before “shi”. Example 3: 例:我们不是在北大学的汉语 那么也是在”是”的前面用上否定副词”不”
“wo men bu shi zai bei da xue de han yu”. (Our Chinese is not learnt from Peking University). A negative adverb of “bu” is also added before “shi” here. (四)”主语+是…+动词+(宾语)
(IV) Position and condition of “de” in the “subject+shi…verb+ (object) +的”和”主语+是…+动词+的+(宾语)”中的 “的”的位置及条件。
+de” and “subject+shi…+verb+de+(object) 1.
1. “是…的”的”的”一般放在动词后,注意,是一般放在
The “de” of “shi…de” is often placed after a verb. Please pay attention that 动词的后面
it is placed after a verb in general. 即是”主语+是…+动词+ 的”,也就是”的”在动词的后面。
That is “subject +shi…+verb+de”, in other words, the “de” is placed after a verb. 我们来看一下例子啊 例 1:我们是在这儿吃的,在吃的 “吃”动词后面。
Let us see some examples. The first one: “wo men shi zai zhe er chi de”. (we ate here). The “de” is placed after the verb of “chi”. 2,这是昨天下的雪。
2. “zhe shi zuo tian xia de xue” (This is the snow yesterday). 这个”的”在动词”下”的后面 这是第一种情况。
The “de” is placed after the verb of “xia”. This is the first condition. 2.
2. 宾语是人称代词的时候 “的”啊一般放在宾语后,这个要注意,人称代词
When the object is a personal pronoun, the “de” is often placed after an object. 的时候,”的”呢应该放在宾语的后面,也就是形成什么呢?”主语+是…+动词
+宾语+的”。
Pay attention to the personal pronoun. When the “de” is placed after an object, it forms a sentence pattern of “subject+ shi…verb+ object+ de” 我们来看一下例子 例 1:这事是王明告诉我的
Let us see some examples. Example 1: “zhe shi shi wang ming gao su wo de”. (I heard this thing from Wang Ming). “我”是宾语,是代词,所以这个”的”呢就放在我的后面 书是李老师借她的。
The “wo” is an object, a pronoun. Therefore, the “de” shall be placed after “wo”. “shu shi li lao shi jie ta de”. (she borrowed this book from Teacher Li). 这个她也是个代词,所以呢”的”也在这个宾语的后面 3.
The “ta” here is also a pronoun, so the “de” shall be placed after an object. 3. 谓语为”动词+趋向补语+(宾语)”的 “的”放在最后。
When the predicate is “verb+ directional complement+ (object)”, the “de” shall be placed in the last. 例如,我们看一下例子:猫是从这儿 进来的。
Let us see some examples: “mao shi cong zhe er jin lai de”. (The cat came in from here). “来”是个趋向补语,所以”的”呢在”来”的后面 第 2 个:衣服是妈妈寄过来的。
The “lai” is a directional complement, so the “de” shall be placed after “lai”. The second one: “yi fu shi ma ma ji guo lai de”. (Clothes are sent by my mother). “过来”也是一个趋向补语,所以这个”的”呢也在趋向补语的后面
(五)”主语+是…+动词
The “guo lai” is a directional complement, so the “de” shall be placed after the directional complement.
(V) Accent of “Subject +shi…+verb +(宾语)+的”和”主语+是…+动词+的 +(宾语)”的重音,”主语
+ (object) +de” and “subject +shi… +verb+ de+ (object) +是…+动词+(宾语)+的”和”主语+是… +动词+的+(宾语)”的重音呢
Accent of “Subject +shi…+verb+ (object) +de” and “subject +shi… +verb+ de+ (object) 一般是在”是”后面,是后面的成分上。
is placed after “shi” in general. 我们来看一下例子 今天是爸爸做的饭
Let us see some examples. “jin tian shi ba ba zuo de fan”. (The meal today is cooked by my father). 也就是说,这个重音在哪儿呢?在”爸爸”的头上。
Where is accent of this sentence? The “ba ba” (father) 第 2 例:我们是 上个星期考的试。
Example 2: “wo men shi shang ge xing qi kao de shi”. (We have the examination last week). 也就是说这个重音啊在”是”后面的 成分上,”是”后面的这个成分上有一个重音
The accent is the part after “shi”. 但是如果强调的是宾语,那么重音在宾语上。
However, if the speaker stresses the object, and then the accent will be the object. 我们来看一下例子,第 1 例 前天是下的’雪
Let us see some examples. Example 1: “qian tian shi xia de xue”. (It snowed the day before yesterday). 下雪,”雪”是个宾语,所以呢这个的,这个重音在雪的上面 第 2 例:我是看的’电影。
The “xue” is an object. Therefore, the accent is “xue”. Example 2: “wo shi kan de dian ying”. (I watched movie). 这个”电影”也是宾语,所以呢重音在”电影”上 (六)”主语+是…+动词+(宾语)
The “dian ying” is also an object, so the accent is “dian ying”. (VI) Omission of “subject +shi+ (object) +的”和”主语+是…+动词+的+(宾语)”的省略
+de” and “subject+ shi…+verb +de + (object) “主语+是…+动词+(宾语)+的”和”主语
The “shi” of “subject +shi+ (object) +de” and “subject +是…+动词+的+(宾语)”的”是” 口语中呢常省略。
+ shi…+verb +de + (object)” is often omitted. 我们来看一下例子 语法(是)周老师教的。
Let us see some examples. “yu fa (shi) zhou lao shi jiao de”. (The grammar is taught by Teacher Zhou). 这个”是”啊经常不要说出来 我们经常说什么呢?语法周老师教的,就可以了
第 2 例:爸爸(是)开车去的。
The “shi” here is often omitted. The expression of “yu fa shi zhou lao shi jiao de” is ok.
Example 2: “ba ba (shi) kai che qu de”. (My father drives to there). 这个”是”我们也经常不说 我们说什么呢?爸爸开车去的,就可以
The “shi” here is also omitted in general. What is the common expression? “ba ba kai che qu de”. 但是否定句 “主语+不+是+…+动词+(宾语)+的”
However, in the negation sentence of “subject +bu +shi+…+verb +(object) +de” 和”主语+不+是…+动词+的+(宾语)”的
and “subject +bu +shi…+verb +de +(object) 这个”是”啊,是不能省略,也就是说否定句中的这个”是”是不能省略的。
the “shi” shall not be omitted. That is to say, the “shi” in negation sentence shall not be omitted. 我们看一下 语法不是周老师教的。
Let us have a look at this sentence. “yu fa bus hi zhou lao shi jiao de”. (The grammar is not taught by Teacher Zhou). 这个 否定句这个”是”不能省略,必须说:语法不是周老师教的
The “shi” in this negation sentence shall not be omitted. You should say that “yu fa bus hi zhou lao shi jiao de”. 第 2 例:爸爸不是开车去的 这个”是”啊也不能省略
Example 2: “ba ba bus hi kai che qu de”. (my father did not drive to there). The “shi” here shall not be omitted.